Indian carpets are famous around the globe for recherché designs, excellent workmanship and attractive colors. Great Mughal Emperor Akbar gave this tradition also as a gift to India. Since then there is a change in the style but the original flavor is still retained.
Aesthetically beautiful carpets are the creation of skilled carpet weavers these days. In the beginning natural dyes and colors were used. Madder provided a wide range of pinks and reds and grass provided green and brown from the kiker tree were used.
Durries are can also be called poor man's carpet. These are flat woven cotton or even synthetic fiber rugs used between the mattresses and the wooden frame of the bed. Sometimes even when one desire s to sit on the floor, one lays this durry first. These are commonly found in the states the villages of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (Agra and Fatehpur-Sikri).
Among woolen carpets Kashmir ranks first. The elegance and appearance of the carpet depends on the quality of wool used. For fine carpets, worsted yarn is used. For production of superior quality carpets imported wool is blended with indigenous varieties. To enhance the quality of lusture special chemicals are used by the woolen carpets industry.
For those who prefer luxury and class, Silk carpets are the best option. Kashmiri Silk carpets are hand knitted. Intricate patterns and designs are used in symmetry to make beautiful carpets. Some carpets have a mixture of wool and silk to make the carpet strong.
Carpets are woven on looms. Roller beam loom is most commonly used in India. There are two wooden beams between which wrap threads are stretched; one beam is in front of the weaver and the other is behind the first. It is the same procedure as is used for making shawls.
Here is a list of various Crafts of India: